Home Health Aide Job Description

Home Health Aide Job Description

You probably found this page because you have interest in finding out what is the home health aide job description.

In a nutshell, the main purpose of a home health aide is to provide healthcare assistance to patients who convalescing in their own homes.

On this page, we will run through number of the typical duties that an HHA will perform on a daily basis.

Home Health Aide Job Description

To make things easier for you, we’ve broken down the typical home health aide job description in to eight categories; Personal Care, Basic Health Care, Medical Care, Housekeeping, Education, Socialization, Monitoring and Documentation.

Personal Care

The home health aide is going to be assisting their patient with a majority of their personal care needs. These needs include such things as bathing, hygiene, dressing, and grooming of the patient. They will prepare some of the meals according to their specified diet as well as assisting them with eating.

Basic Health Care

Besides helping change bandages or dressing the HHA has a number of other duties that fit under this category. This includes applying nonprescription medications on the skin such as rubbing alcohol or moisturizers.

Medical Care

The HHA is normally the one who provides basic medical care such as checking their vitals, collecting routine specimens and emptying a catheter bag. Some of the other duties falling under medical care include assisting the patient in their daily exercise programs. As well as they may be directed by the managing nurse to administer prescribed medications to the patient.


Home health aides are going to provide support to their patients in a number of different ways. This means that they are going to be doing the housekeeping and the laundry for their patient. They might even shop at the grocery store for their patient along with all of the other requirements that the house might need. Part of this is also making sure that the patient has a safe, secure, and healthy environment to live in following all of the asepsis standards and procedures. An HHA is going to be maintaining all precautions when it comes to their patients’ safety in the home.

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It might be surprising but one of the duties of an HHA is to help instruct the patient and their family on the things they can do. They will show the family members of the patient how they can care for their loved one. This means that the family members are going to learn how to properly lift, turn and pre-position the patient so that they do not hurt them. A home health aide will take time to explain to the family the dietary restrictions as well.

If a patient wants a little more freedom or to care for themselves a bit more, an HHA will be there for that too. They are going to be able to do this by teaching the patient to use a cane or walker when they are trying to get around the house. They will teach them how to use special utensils when they are eating so that they will have the ability to feed themselves. Plus they will teach them how to make sure that their personal hygiene is always good by showing them how to use special techniques and equipment.


For most patients, the home health aide is their gateway for social interaction. It is not uncommon for an HHA and a patient to strike up a friendship that is friendlier than just a client and provider. The HHA may simply just have conversations with the patient, read them a book or even just watch television to keep the patient’s morale up and feeling a bit more human.


One of the more important duties of the home health aide is going to monitor the patient’s condition. They will be able to do this by observing the patient’s mental and physical condition and the amount of exercise that the person is getting. An HHA will take their vital signs, keep track of their weight and watching for any changes the HHA may be able to see.


The sixth one of these duties is that they are going to be recording all of the patient’s information including their food intake, vitals, waste measurements and their reaction to medicines. Most of the time, this is going to be done in a journal for the patient. Then the home health aide will notify the nursing supervisor if they see any changes in the patient’s condition.

Other Responsibilities of an HHA

While not necessarily in the official home health aide job description, there are a number of other things that an HHA should be mindful of. Some of these responsibilities include:

  • Keeping up to date on latest improvements in medical care
  • Being professional at all times
  • Knowing and following all of the regulations and safety requirements from the federal, state and local governments
  • Enhancing the service reputation for your chosen career by taking ownership of any requests a patient may have

As you can see, an HHA has a number of responsibilities and duties to provide the best possible treatment for their patients. With the proper training programs, being an HHA is extremely rewarding career and should be taken seriously by their workers. If you have the passion to help others, the home health aide job description will give you a better idea on what you will be doing on a typical day.

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